The Resource Royal Commission into British Nuclear Tests in Australia : final submission by Counsel on behalf of Aboriginal organisations and individuals, G. M. Eames; A. C. Collett

Royal Commission into British Nuclear Tests in Australia : final submission by Counsel on behalf of Aboriginal organisations and individuals, G. M. Eames; A. C. Collett

Label
Royal Commission into British Nuclear Tests in Australia : final submission by Counsel on behalf of Aboriginal organisations and individuals
Title
Royal Commission into British Nuclear Tests in Australia
Title remainder
final submission by Counsel on behalf of Aboriginal organisations and individuals
Statement of responsibility
G. M. Eames; A. C. Collett
Title variation
Final submission by Counsel on behalf of Aboriginal organisations and individuals
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Summary
Historical and political background; role of Long Range Weapons Organisation in determining issues of Aboriginal safety and lifestyle; work of W.B. MacDougall, Patrol Officer and Protector of Aborigines; history of Ooldea (United Aborigines Mission) including closure, relocation of people to Yalata and their attempts to return; establishment of Maralinga conflict between MacDougall and Weapons Research Establishment detailed analysis of indiviudal test series including safety, patrols, Aboriginal movement and oral evidence; also discusses minor trials, including cleanup operations; health effects including problems of proof, dosage and cancer risk; compensation; case history of Milpuddie family; salvage operations, including Aboriginal involvement; lifestyle and intentions of traditional owners for Maralinga and Emu (Yalata Big Camp, outstation development at Dey Dey, sites of significance); effect of Maralinga Tjarutja Land Rights Act 1984 future use and management (hazards and land) of Maralinga test site; recommendations on compensation
Cataloging source
AIAS
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Eames, Geoff
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
1950-
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Collett, Andrew Clive
  • Australia
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • MacDougall, Walter B
  • Milpuddie family
  • Australia
  • Weapons Research Establishment (Australia)
  • Nuclear weapons
  • Radioactive waste sites
  • Nuclear weapons
  • Radioactive fallout
Label
Royal Commission into British Nuclear Tests in Australia : final submission by Counsel on behalf of Aboriginal organisations and individuals, G. M. Eames; A. C. Collett
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • AIAS R85/56 - handwritten on AIATSIS copy
  • "16th September 1985"
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
  • text
  • cartographic image
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Chapter 1: Australia becomes a nuclear testing ground : introduction; The early decisions; Australia seeks independent advice; Defence or prestige? : the reason for the programme; Aboriginal factors; A pattern for the future -- Chapter 2: 1946-1952 : Aborigines and the long range weapons organisation -- The impact of the establishment of Maralinga upon Aboriginal people : the United Aborigines Mission at Ooldea; The closure of Ooldea Mission; Attempts to return to Ooldea; The search for a permanent test site; The revocation of Ooldea Reserve; Restriction of access by Aborigines to the land; Conclusion -- Chapter 4: 1955-1956 : conflict between native patrol officer W.B. MacDougall and Weapons Research Establishment : The need for patrols; Establishment of Giles Meteorology section; MacDougall's protests and WRE reaction to them; Creation of roads in the reserve; The role of the native patrol officer - the WREview; Summary -- Chapter 5: The hurricane test : Introduction; Choice of the Monte Bello islands as a firing site; General meteorological conditions at the Monte Bellos; Precautions in relation to Aborigines : what the British knew about the Aboriginal inhabitants of the region; What the British should have known; Suggested precautions; Criteria for firing: general conditions; Meteorological conditions; Behaviour of the cloud : levels of fallout on the mainland; Health consequences -- Chapter 6: The Totem series : Location of Aboriginal people : work of the native patrol officer in locating Aboriginal people; Criteria for safe firing; Totem 1: were the criteria for safe firing met?; What fallout resulted from Totem 1?; Health effects from Totem 1 fallout; Totem 2: Were the criteria met?; Fallout from Totem 2; Health effects from Totem 2 -- Chapter 7: The black mist : Introduction; The eye-witness evidence: the occurrence of black mist; The credibility of the eye-witness evidence; The scientific assessment of black mist phenomena; Black mist - the radiation dose produced; Adverse health effects from the black mist : the Aboriginal evidence; Areas of dispute; Scientific assessment of health effects -- Chapter 8: The Mosaic series : introduction; Why were the Monte Bello islands chosen for Mosaic; Did either government take into account the proximity and lifestyle of Aborigines; Meteorological problems at the Monte Bellos; Criteria for safe firing : meteorological criteria; safety factors; Fallout over the mainland: fallout after G1; fallout after G2; Comparison of the measured levels of fallout with the safety standards; Were the safety measures adequate : health effects to Aborigines from the tests; Criteria for firing -- Chapter 9: The Buffalo series - 1956: Introduction; The criteria for safe firing and the role of AWTSC in setting them; Patrols for Aborigines during Buffalo; Ground patrols for Buffalo; The AWTSC assessment of ground and air patrols; The firing of the Buffalo tests : Round 1 - One Tree; Round 2: Marcoo; Round 3: Kite; Round 4 - Breakaway; Fallout from Buffalo tests: Round 1 - One Tree; Round 2: Marcoo; Round 3: Kite; Round 4 : Breakaway; The AWTSC and the Buffalo series -- The Antler series : Introduction; The criteria for safety; patrolling the range : the Pom Pom incident; The aerial patrols; The ground patrols; The people on the western section of the prohibted zone; The Antler rounds - meeting the criteria : problems of assessment; Round 1 - Tadje; Round 2: Bial; Round 3: Taranaki; Summary on Antler fallout; The AWTSC assesment -- Chapter 11: Health effects: The potential health effects : non-stochastic effects; Cancers; Pre-natal effects; Genetic effects; Past studies and the problem of proof; The scientific debate on low level dose effects; Cancer risk estimates and potential modifying factors; Compensation for Aborigines; The Milpuddie family; Bodies of four Aborigines; Summary -- Chapter 12: The minor trials : description; Quantities of materials used; Description and properties of materials used : Uranium 238; Toxic materials - beryllium : beryllium cleanups; Recent ARLS reassessment of beryllium contamination; Safety statements for the minor trials; Cleanup operations : immediate post trial cleanups; Subseqent cleanups: Operation Hercules V; Operation Brumby: background; Assumptions underlying the cleanup; Wrong assumptions : long term inhalation is improbable; Plutonium contamination fragments; Deficiencies; Consequent problems for the future; Assessment of Operation Brumby -- Who should pay for the future cleanup? : Effect of the 1956 and 1979 agreements; Why is a further cleanup required. Whose fault is it?; What did the AWTSC know about plutonium hot spots during Brumby?; The likelihood of Aborigines inhabiting the range in the future; Recommendation -- Chapter 13: Salvage: Introduction; Maralinga: From Commonwealth control to community salvage; Conduct of the salvage operation; Aboriginal involvement in the salvage operation; Disposal of building equipment and materials; Testing of salvaged material for contamination -- Monte Bello Islands: Prohibition of entry to the islands; Salvage and other expeditions to the islands -- Chapter 14: State of the range: Lifestyle and future intentions of the Aboriginal traditional owners for Maralinga and Emu : The Yalata Big Camp; Development of the outstation; Sites of significance; Aboriginal attitudes to contaminated sites; Aboriginal lifestyle on the lands; Effect of the Maralinga Tjaruta Land Rights Act 1984; Maralinga : the basis on which range was left after Brumby; Present state of the Maralinga Range - remaining hazards: plutonium fragments: Taranaki; Wewak, Tm100 and Tm101; Plutonium contamination at Tadje; Plutonium contamination in the North West Plume; Glazing at Biak, Breakaway and One Tree; Uranium at Naya, Wewak, Dobo, Kuli and the small firings sites; Radionuclides from the major trials sites; Beryllium contamination at Kittens, Naya, Kuli, Wewak and Tm50; Plutonium in various forms in the burial pits; Hazards to traditional Aborigines from plutonium contamination: inhalation; Ingestion; Injection; Additivity of risks; Criticisms of the Lokan report and Davy report; Further research : anthropological; Radiological; Biological; Toxicological; Environmental; Future use and management of the Maralinga test site: a realistic worst case scenario; British propositions about future use of Taranaki; Concept of risk; Recommendations for the cleanup of Maralinga : Maralinga Range Cleanup Commission: function; powers; Emu: radiological and toxic contamination at Emu : activation and fission products; Glazing; Plutonium; Beryllium; Recommendations for the future management of Emu; Assistance to the Aboriginal community; Compensation for loss of the lands -- Chapter 15: The role of scientists : introduction; Sir Ernest Titterton, the scientific "observers" and the AWTSC; The British scientists; The Australian Ionising Radiation Advisory Council and Dr G.M. Watson; Lessons -- Appendices: 1. Map of the western half of South Australia, and the eastern section of Western Australia showing Emu, Maralinga and surrounding areas -- 2. Map showing the Maralinga Prohibited Area and the Woomera Prohibited Area -- 3. South Australian Department of Mines map 55-14B of the western half of South Australia showing the presumed distribution of population -- 4. Land grant of Maralinga Lands to Maralinga Tjarutja on 6 December 1984 -- 5. Map of the Monte Bello Islands and the surrounding mainland regions of Western Australia -- 6. Map of the mainland regions of Western Australia north east of the Monte Bello Islands
Control code
M0036082
Dimensions
29 cm
Extent
x, 537 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Other physical details
maps
Stock number
7411b
System control number
0060083
Label
Royal Commission into British Nuclear Tests in Australia : final submission by Counsel on behalf of Aboriginal organisations and individuals, G. M. Eames; A. C. Collett
Publication
Note
  • AIAS R85/56 - handwritten on AIATSIS copy
  • "16th September 1985"
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
  • text
  • cartographic image
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Chapter 1: Australia becomes a nuclear testing ground : introduction; The early decisions; Australia seeks independent advice; Defence or prestige? : the reason for the programme; Aboriginal factors; A pattern for the future -- Chapter 2: 1946-1952 : Aborigines and the long range weapons organisation -- The impact of the establishment of Maralinga upon Aboriginal people : the United Aborigines Mission at Ooldea; The closure of Ooldea Mission; Attempts to return to Ooldea; The search for a permanent test site; The revocation of Ooldea Reserve; Restriction of access by Aborigines to the land; Conclusion -- Chapter 4: 1955-1956 : conflict between native patrol officer W.B. MacDougall and Weapons Research Establishment : The need for patrols; Establishment of Giles Meteorology section; MacDougall's protests and WRE reaction to them; Creation of roads in the reserve; The role of the native patrol officer - the WREview; Summary -- Chapter 5: The hurricane test : Introduction; Choice of the Monte Bello islands as a firing site; General meteorological conditions at the Monte Bellos; Precautions in relation to Aborigines : what the British knew about the Aboriginal inhabitants of the region; What the British should have known; Suggested precautions; Criteria for firing: general conditions; Meteorological conditions; Behaviour of the cloud : levels of fallout on the mainland; Health consequences -- Chapter 6: The Totem series : Location of Aboriginal people : work of the native patrol officer in locating Aboriginal people; Criteria for safe firing; Totem 1: were the criteria for safe firing met?; What fallout resulted from Totem 1?; Health effects from Totem 1 fallout; Totem 2: Were the criteria met?; Fallout from Totem 2; Health effects from Totem 2 -- Chapter 7: The black mist : Introduction; The eye-witness evidence: the occurrence of black mist; The credibility of the eye-witness evidence; The scientific assessment of black mist phenomena; Black mist - the radiation dose produced; Adverse health effects from the black mist : the Aboriginal evidence; Areas of dispute; Scientific assessment of health effects -- Chapter 8: The Mosaic series : introduction; Why were the Monte Bello islands chosen for Mosaic; Did either government take into account the proximity and lifestyle of Aborigines; Meteorological problems at the Monte Bellos; Criteria for safe firing : meteorological criteria; safety factors; Fallout over the mainland: fallout after G1; fallout after G2; Comparison of the measured levels of fallout with the safety standards; Were the safety measures adequate : health effects to Aborigines from the tests; Criteria for firing -- Chapter 9: The Buffalo series - 1956: Introduction; The criteria for safe firing and the role of AWTSC in setting them; Patrols for Aborigines during Buffalo; Ground patrols for Buffalo; The AWTSC assessment of ground and air patrols; The firing of the Buffalo tests : Round 1 - One Tree; Round 2: Marcoo; Round 3: Kite; Round 4 - Breakaway; Fallout from Buffalo tests: Round 1 - One Tree; Round 2: Marcoo; Round 3: Kite; Round 4 : Breakaway; The AWTSC and the Buffalo series -- The Antler series : Introduction; The criteria for safety; patrolling the range : the Pom Pom incident; The aerial patrols; The ground patrols; The people on the western section of the prohibted zone; The Antler rounds - meeting the criteria : problems of assessment; Round 1 - Tadje; Round 2: Bial; Round 3: Taranaki; Summary on Antler fallout; The AWTSC assesment -- Chapter 11: Health effects: The potential health effects : non-stochastic effects; Cancers; Pre-natal effects; Genetic effects; Past studies and the problem of proof; The scientific debate on low level dose effects; Cancer risk estimates and potential modifying factors; Compensation for Aborigines; The Milpuddie family; Bodies of four Aborigines; Summary -- Chapter 12: The minor trials : description; Quantities of materials used; Description and properties of materials used : Uranium 238; Toxic materials - beryllium : beryllium cleanups; Recent ARLS reassessment of beryllium contamination; Safety statements for the minor trials; Cleanup operations : immediate post trial cleanups; Subseqent cleanups: Operation Hercules V; Operation Brumby: background; Assumptions underlying the cleanup; Wrong assumptions : long term inhalation is improbable; Plutonium contamination fragments; Deficiencies; Consequent problems for the future; Assessment of Operation Brumby -- Who should pay for the future cleanup? : Effect of the 1956 and 1979 agreements; Why is a further cleanup required. Whose fault is it?; What did the AWTSC know about plutonium hot spots during Brumby?; The likelihood of Aborigines inhabiting the range in the future; Recommendation -- Chapter 13: Salvage: Introduction; Maralinga: From Commonwealth control to community salvage; Conduct of the salvage operation; Aboriginal involvement in the salvage operation; Disposal of building equipment and materials; Testing of salvaged material for contamination -- Monte Bello Islands: Prohibition of entry to the islands; Salvage and other expeditions to the islands -- Chapter 14: State of the range: Lifestyle and future intentions of the Aboriginal traditional owners for Maralinga and Emu : The Yalata Big Camp; Development of the outstation; Sites of significance; Aboriginal attitudes to contaminated sites; Aboriginal lifestyle on the lands; Effect of the Maralinga Tjaruta Land Rights Act 1984; Maralinga : the basis on which range was left after Brumby; Present state of the Maralinga Range - remaining hazards: plutonium fragments: Taranaki; Wewak, Tm100 and Tm101; Plutonium contamination at Tadje; Plutonium contamination in the North West Plume; Glazing at Biak, Breakaway and One Tree; Uranium at Naya, Wewak, Dobo, Kuli and the small firings sites; Radionuclides from the major trials sites; Beryllium contamination at Kittens, Naya, Kuli, Wewak and Tm50; Plutonium in various forms in the burial pits; Hazards to traditional Aborigines from plutonium contamination: inhalation; Ingestion; Injection; Additivity of risks; Criticisms of the Lokan report and Davy report; Further research : anthropological; Radiological; Biological; Toxicological; Environmental; Future use and management of the Maralinga test site: a realistic worst case scenario; British propositions about future use of Taranaki; Concept of risk; Recommendations for the cleanup of Maralinga : Maralinga Range Cleanup Commission: function; powers; Emu: radiological and toxic contamination at Emu : activation and fission products; Glazing; Plutonium; Beryllium; Recommendations for the future management of Emu; Assistance to the Aboriginal community; Compensation for loss of the lands -- Chapter 15: The role of scientists : introduction; Sir Ernest Titterton, the scientific "observers" and the AWTSC; The British scientists; The Australian Ionising Radiation Advisory Council and Dr G.M. Watson; Lessons -- Appendices: 1. Map of the western half of South Australia, and the eastern section of Western Australia showing Emu, Maralinga and surrounding areas -- 2. Map showing the Maralinga Prohibited Area and the Woomera Prohibited Area -- 3. South Australian Department of Mines map 55-14B of the western half of South Australia showing the presumed distribution of population -- 4. Land grant of Maralinga Lands to Maralinga Tjarutja on 6 December 1984 -- 5. Map of the Monte Bello Islands and the surrounding mainland regions of Western Australia -- 6. Map of the mainland regions of Western Australia north east of the Monte Bello Islands
Control code
M0036082
Dimensions
29 cm
Extent
x, 537 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Other physical details
maps
Stock number
7411b
System control number
0060083

Library Locations

    • Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)Borrow it
      51 Lawson Cres, Acton, ACT, 2601, AU
      -35.292556 149.118617
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