The Resource Local group composition among the Australian Aborigines : a critique of the evidence from fieldwork conducted since 1930

Local group composition among the Australian Aborigines : a critique of the evidence from fieldwork conducted since 1930

Label
Local group composition among the Australian Aborigines : a critique of the evidence from fieldwork conducted since 1930
Title
Local group composition among the Australian Aborigines : a critique of the evidence from fieldwork conducted since 1930
Creator
Subject
Summary
Historical survey of work on concept of local group; p.115-131; Changes in ecological environment as a result of white contact, dialectical changes (example from Gogo Stn. near Fitzroy Crossing intermediary languages used by Konean, Djaru, Walmadjari, Wonkadjunga & Kokatja tribes to communicate with white men), current reversal of former population decline, comments on Radcliffe-Brown's definition of horde, Hiatt's remoulding of this concept; case 1 - Aranda, contrast in reconstructions of Pink & Strehlow, land claimed by local groups, relationship to totemic clan, membership almost exclusively father & son; case 2 - Walpiri, comments on Meggitt's findings (patrilineal descent groups) fragmentation & reformation of major groups according to seasonal food resources, question of Walpiri communities (Ilpara, Ngalia, Walmala, Waneiga), residential or; dialectical, ecological evidence for size of groups; case 3 - Pintubi, distortion of group structure from wide distribution, comparison with Mandjildjara, Waman & Kardudjara on Canning Stock Route; case 4 - Kimberleys, Piddington shows exceptions among Nadja subtribe of Karadjeri (small parties from any horde hunting over territory of other hordes), doubt on rigidity of clan system related to length of contact; case 5 - Daly River tribes, contrast between Stanner on Murinbata (totemic sites possessed by patrilineal local totemic clan) & Falkenberg (inclusion of clan territory - spiritual associations, within horde territory - food supply); case 6 - Western Desert, land owning group is patrilineal descent group (Berndt), blurring of tribal entities as a result of population drift, importance of dialectical tribe as empirical entity; case 7 - Tiwi, isolation resulted in local developments, inheritance of totemic clans matrilineally, division of tribes into hordes (Hart), occurrence of family holdings, composition of local groups, warping of social values by polygyny; case 8 - northwestern Arnhem Land, criticism of Hiatt's quotation of displaced Fish Ck. natives as example of traditional patterns; case 9 - northeastern Arnhem Land, Warner's account of Murngin clans, local groups larger than most of Australia (better food resources), territoriality associated with clans, Groote Eylandt relationship between clan & territory loose (Worsley); case 10 north central Arnhem Land, Anbara group of Gidjingali, annual seasonal movements & sharing of food resources not a model for generalized conduct nor an exception, length & size of contact reflected in size of tribal dislocation, numbers &; sizes of land-owning units as found by Hiatt; case 11 - Wik Munkan, McConnel's reports based on clans (totemic ownership) not residential or ecological groups, rights of clan over territory, system of reciprocal food sharing; case 12 - Jirjoront, recording of patrilineal clans by Sharp, clan ownership of land, ecological balance disturbed, mixing of Ngentjin & Taior linguistic groups points to breakdown of traditional barriers, variant of relationship between clans, land ownership & residential groups, role of women in selection of daughters husbands, postmarital residence patterns; case 13 - Kaiadilt, importance of undisturbed environment, summary of facts from Tindale, strict land rights of eight local groups including offshore islands), careful definition of boundaries, size of groups, relationship of size to food resources; case 14 reports from the instant of contact, analysis of early exploration accounts for population data provides generalized data for ecological models; conclusion reasserts the validity of the Australian Aboriginal local group as the primary landowning unit; p.132-137; Comments, 1) by R.M. Berndt criticises selection of material, discussion of alien contact, emphasis on distinction between land-owning and land-occupying groups; 2) by E. Colson - notes different aims of Radcliffe- Brown and younger anthropologists, emphasises value of ecology in regulation of group size; 3) by Robert
Is part of
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1908-1994
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Birdsell, Joseph B.
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Berndt, Ronald M.
  • Meggitt, Mervyn J
  • Stanner, W. E. H.
  • Falkenberg, Johannes
  • Piddington, Ralph
  • Strehlow, T. G. H.
  • Hart, C. W. M.
  • Pink, Olive M
  • Tindale, Norman B.
  • Hiatt, L. R.
  • Radcliffe-Brown, A. R.
  • Warner, W. Lloyd
  • McConnel, Ursula
  • Sharp, Lauriston
  • Worsley, Peter
  • Goulburn Island Mission (N.T.)
  • Oenpelli Mission (N.T.)
  • Port Keats Mission (N.T.)
  • Warburton Range Mission (W.A.)
Label
Local group composition among the Australian Aborigines : a critique of the evidence from fieldwork conducted since 1930
Instantiates
Publication
Control code
M0033214
System control number
0056638
Label
Local group composition among the Australian Aborigines : a critique of the evidence from fieldwork conducted since 1930
Publication
Control code
M0033214
System control number
0056638

Library Locations

    • Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)Borrow it
      51 Lawson Cres, Acton, ACT, 2601, AU
      -35.292556 149.118617
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